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13.01 Management of Skin Conditions

The vehicle used in topical preparations influences skin hydration, has a mild anti-inflammatory effect and facilitates penetration of the active component.

Creams are more cosmetically acceptable than ointments. Gels are suitable for application to the face and scalp while lotions are used for moist conditions and hairy areas. Ointments are much less likely to sensitise and are suitable for chronic dry lesions.

Possible contact sensitivity to preservatives or antiseptics is the reason for the range of topical agents.

Recommended prescribable quantities of creams and ointments for twice daily application for 1 week for adults:

Body area

 

Non−corticosteroid

 

Corticosteroid

 

 

cream/ointment

 

cream/ointment

 

Face

 

15 to 30g

 

 

Face and neck

 

 

15 to 30g

 

Both hands

 

25 to 50g

 

15 to 30g

 

Scalp

 

50 to 100g

 

15 to 30g

 

Both arms

 

100 to 200g

 

30 to 60g

 

Both legs

 

100 to 200g

 

100g

 

Trunk

 

400g

 

100g

 

Groins and genitalia

 

15 to 25g

 

15 to 30g

 

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