Skip to content
Current waiting times (average) Emergency Dept. (A&E): 273 minutes Emergency Dept. (children): 0 minutes Learn more about our waiting times

Flu - Protect Yourself and Others

The majority of coughs, colds and flu are caused by viruses, which will not respond to antibiotics. Flu is a highly infectious disease with symptoms that come on very quickly. A bad bout of flu can be much worse than a heavy cold. The most common symptoms of flu are fever, chills, headache, aches and pains in the joints and muscles, and extreme tiredness.

Influenza is an example where prevention is better than cure — the flu vaccine is the best protection there is against this unpleasant illness.
Over time, protection from the injected flu vaccine gradually decreases and flu strains often change. So new vaccines are produced each year, which is why people who are advised to have the flu jab, need to have it every year.

Who is eligible for a free flu vaccination?

  • Those with a long term health condition
  • Aged 65 years or over
  • Living in a residential or nursing home
  • The main carer of an older or disabled person
  • A household contact of an immunocompromised person
  • A frontline health or social care worker
  • Children between 2 and 4 years
  • Children in years 1 and 2 at school

Speak to your GP, Pharmacist, Midwife or child’s school to arrange for your vaccination

For more information about flu and staying well this winter please visit 




Flu myths busted:

Having flu is just like having a heavy cold.

A bad bout of flu is much worse than a heavy cold. Flu symptoms come on suddenly and sometimes severely. They include fever, chills, headaches and aching muscles, as well as cough and a sore throat. You’re likely to spend two or three days in bed. If you get complications caused by flu, you could become seriously ill and have to go to hospital.

Having the flu vaccine gives you flu.

The injected flu vaccine given to adults contains inactivated flu viruses so it can’t give you flu. Your arm may feel a bit sore where you were injected and some may experience a slight temperature and aching muscles for a couple of days afterwards but other reactions are very rare.
The children’s flu nasal spray vaccine contains live but weakened flu viruses that will not give your child flu.

Flu can be treated with antibiotics.

Viruses cause flu and antibiotics only work against bacteria. You may be prescribed antiviral medicines to treat your flu — these do not cure flu but they can make you less infectious to other people and reduce the length of time you may be ill. To be effective, antivirals have to be given within a day or two of your symptoms appearing. A bacterial infection may occur as a result of having the flu, in which case you may be prescribed antibiotics.

Once you’ve had the flu vaccine, you’re protected for life.

The viruses that cause flu change every year so you need a vaccination each new flu season to match the new viruses.

The flu jab won’t protect me against swine flu.

This year’s flu vaccine protects against three different flu viruses, including the swine flu virus. This is because the virus is expected to be circulating this year.

Related pages

Keep up to date with the latest news

Read the latest news from across all our services.

Subscribe to Trust Matters, our regular newsletter.

Tell Us Your Views

Please feedback to us about your experiences, along with how to raise any concerns, complaints or questions.